Here's what the company reported versus what Wall Street analysts surveyed by LSEG, formerly known as Refinitiv, expected:
- Earnings: $5.48 per share; it wasn't immediately clear if that was comparable to the $3.51 estimate of analysts surveyed by LSEG.
- Revenue: $11.32 billion vs. $10.80 billion expected, according to LSEG
Goldman said earnings for the quarter jumped 51% to $2.01 billion, or $5.48 per share, from a year ago, when the bank was weighed down by loan-loss provisions and surging expenses. Companywide revenues rose 7% to $11.32 billion on growth from asset and wealth management and platform solutions divisions.
Shares of the New York-based bank rose 1.7% in premarket trading.
Goldman CEO David Solomon has endured a tough year, thanks to dormant capital markets and strategic missteps. But hope has been building that Goldman can turn a corner after pivoting away from Solomon's failed consumer banking efforts. The growth engine for the bank, according to Solomon, is now its asset and wealth management division, which is benefiting from the rise in private credit and other alternative assets.
"With everything we achieved in 2023 coupled with our clear and simplified strategy, we have a much stronger platform for 2024," Solomon said in the earnings release.
Asset and wealth management revenue jumped 23% from a year earlier to $4.39 billion, topping the StreetAccount estimate by nearly $550 million, on higher revenue from equity and debt investments and rising management fees. Helped by rising markets in the fourth quarter, Goldman said it booked gains on public equities and markups in debt investments.
Other Goldman divisions met or slightly missed expectations. For instance, while platform solutions revenue jumped 12% to $577 million, that was below the $612 million estimate.
In the company's trading division, stronger-than-expected results in equities mostly offset a miss in fixed income.
Equities trading revenue jumped 26% to $2.61 billion, thanks to derivatives activity and financing fees, topping the $2.22 billion StreetAccount estimate. Fixed income posted $2.03 billion in revenue, a 24% decline from a year earlier on weakness in interest rate and currencies trading, and well below the $2.53 billion estimate.
Investment banking fees fell 12% to $1.65 billion, matching the StreetAccount estimate, as the industry's slump in completed acquisitions continued into late last year.
Goldman's core activities of investment banking and trading didn't rebound strongly in the fourth quarter, but analysts will want to hear about the possibility of a rebound in 2024. Early signs are that corporations that have waited on the sidelines to acquire competitors or raise funds may finally be ready to act this year.
Unlike more diversified rivals, Goldman gets most of its revenue from Wall Street. That can lead to outsized returns during boom times and underperformance when markets don't cooperate.
That was reflected in the bank's return on tangle equity, a key metric tracked by investors and analysts, which was just 8.1% for 2023, far below its medium term target of 15% to 17%.
The bank said it cut headcount by 7%, or 3,200 positions, from a year earlier, mostly from a wave of layoffs at the start of the year.
This story is developing. Please check back for updates.